How To Use Worm Farm

First of all you need to decide if your worm farm is to compost pet waste or food scraps. Worms will happily live on either, but not both at the same time. This is because pet waste and food scraps combined can overwhelm the worms with bacteria before they can safely destroy them. Either alone though, and the worms destroy all harmful bacteria before they have a chance to multiply.

Now you need to add a little worm bedding. Some shredded paper or coir all work well. Pop in your red worms and you are ready to compost. The worms should be put in the bottom tray of the worm factory.

Now begin adding your organic waste to the bottom tray of the worm factory. The worms will quickly digest the lot, destroying harmful bacteria and pathogens. Behind they will leave worm castings of recycled organic matter you can put straight onto your garden soil.

Eventually you will find the lowest tray of your worm farm full. Simply begin depositing your waste in the next tray up and the worms will find their own way there. This cycle continues indefinitely. Most worm factories come with at least three or four trays. Once you have filled the top one, you just empty the lowest one of finished compost and pop it on the top. Larger families can also buy further trays to increase the capacity of the worm factory (usually up to about eight trays).

As they work, liquid will also be produced. This collects in the bottom section of the worm farm and can be drained off whenever you like with the spigot. This liquid is smelly but extremely good for plants, being a highly concentrated form of organic liquid feed. This liquid should be diluted and then used to feed lawns, garden plants, food crops and indoor plants. It acts as a great pick me up for plants that have been stressed by drought or insect attack.

Using a worm farm is straightforward. Key is using a good mixture of ingredients. If using the wormery to compost pet waste, include some paper or card or pet bedding too. If recycling kitchen scraps, know you can safely pop in a wide range of food waste but not meat, fish or dairy. It is important to feed your worms a variety of scraps and most worm composters will come with full lists of acceptable matters. Generally small amounts of a variety of items is to be preferred. You should see the worms consuming the food quickly, before mold or offensive odours can develop. If not you are feeding the worms too much!

By: Lec Watkins