Important Details About Worm Farming

Important Details About Worm Farming   by Herb Bennet

in Home / Gardening    (submitted 2011-06-27)

Worm farming has existed for ages.

However the beginnings of worm farming are not generally understood. Those who participate are confirmed believers in the positive aspects these slimy wigglers have on the ecology.

There are a number of worm species and each provides a bit of a different aspect to the industry. If your intention is composting, you might prefer red worms. If it is as fish bait, larger Belgian worms might be your choice. As a homeowner, you would be looking to put worms to work in your lawn or flower bed, in which case wigglers and night crawlers will give you greatest success.

Some larger worm farmers commercially propagate worms for profit in several different markets with certain species farmed for each market. Premium worms are bred selectively, with separate containers for each species. Many earthworm farmers distribute to a landfill where these much needed wigglers help to render our mounds of refuse into a decomposed state.

Some worm farms bred specifically for the fertilization of topsoil.

When earthworms dig through the dirt, they aerate the soil by loosening the earth allowing for greater release of the soils nutrients. The process is this, the worm eats and digests the organic matter as they channel through the soil, furthering the decomposition with the result  being naturally occuring chemical compounds needed the

the next cycle of life. The real benefit of aerating the soil is that it allows the soil to retain moisture longer.  The bottom line is that these grimy little things are, in fact, a very important part of the ecological cycle, producing enriched soil for the better growth

of our plants and trees, not forgetting our vegetables.

Recently, the growth of worm farming equipment provides greater convenience for those interested in pursuing this industry. There are containers are for sale in a number of shapes and sizes giving homeowners or apartment dwellers an opportunity to cultivate their own composting worms for recycling their waste to generate their own rich


Organic waste provides the nutrients for the diet of the worm. Using fruits and vegetables give a favorable result because they begin decomposing faster than woody organic material. Egg shells, newspaper, cotton rags and grass clippings are also ideal materials for feeding your compost worms. As these items decompose, the worms feed off of the decay and add to the mix with their own excrement, thus furthering the

decomposition process. The by-product of the worm's foraging, known as vermi-compost or worm compost, becomes the nutritious elements plants need to grow and develop.

The other common market for worm farming is in producing bait.

Worm farms produce various worms to stock the inventory for small bait and tackle shops. Anglers who fish on a larger scale than the weekend enthusiast frequently use worms as bait for angler fish and other large catch.

The commercial market is only a part of the market for worm farming -

there is educational value in studying this process.

Small store bought farming kits or home-made farms are compact in size and ideally suitable for a classroom project.. School students can then engage themselves in the process, learning how composting occurs. The utilization of controlled methods of composting as a learning tool will help us all reduce the waste we toss into our trash dumps.

Worm farming can be found just about everywhere.

With the many ways to create worm farms, home-owners are now able to cultivate their own worms, whether it is outside near your garden or in a high-rise apartment with a kit. The key is to provide the ideal amount of water, light, environment, heat and food stuff. This will ensure a thriving worm population. As a result, you will produce

nutrient-rich compost ready for use in your garden. The ultimate benefit is to everyone when we reduce the amount to recyclable refuse going to our landfill.